It occurs to me that it might not be necessary to start with a thesis for or against the death penalty after all. Judgiing from my own thoughts and feelings, it would be hard for me to come out with a thesis statement that the death penalty should be abolished or that it should be retained. I simply don't know. It would be easy to say that the death penalty should be abolished because it is cruel and unusual punishment, because it is unfair to minorities, and because it doesn't deter capital offenses. It would also be easy to say that cold-blooded murderers don't deserve any consideration and that they ought to be eliminated--especially for such atrocities as torture-murders of women and children.
Another approach to a thesis statement therefore might be to state that the death penalty poses a moot question which has yet to be satisfactorily answered. Then the follow-up would be to present the arguments against the death penalty and the arguments in favor. (And there are plenty of people who favor retaining the death penalty and even using it more often.)
This would be a more difficult essay to write, and the conclusion would also be difficult to formulate, but many studies end with the time-honored, all-purpose conclusion that the problem needs further study. After all, your opinion is only one of millions, and your essay is not going to affect the death penalty one way or the other. The same would be true for me if I were to write an essay on the subject. I really don't know. I'm not crazy about the death penalty, but there are many cases I read about in which, to be honest, I certainly can't feel sorry for the person getting the lethal injection.
Death penalty is also known as capital punishment or execution. Societies from all over the world have used this sentence at one point in history, in order to avenge criminals. Most common reasons for being sentenced to death were war crimes, war treason, murder and espionage. Back then, the capital punishment was almost always accompanied by torture, and executions were public. Moreover, the most employed execution method was by beheading and hanging.
Nowadays, death penalty is used for people who commit what is called capital crimes or capital offenses. These consist in first degree murder, acts of terrorism, espionage, drug trafficking, religious crimes and acts against national security. In some muslin countries, offenses like adultery, blasphemy, sorcery and rape are also considered capital crimes and are being punished by execution. Persons who were under 18 when committing the capital offense are exempted from death penalty. However, several Arabic countries don’t respect this exception and have carried out executions of underage felons
While in some societies, violent death penalties are still being employed – like shooting, hanging, electric chair and gas chamber – in most countries, these have been replaced with a painless method – the lethal injection.
Death penalty is still used in practice, in modern days, in countries like USA, China, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Somalia, Sudan, Malaysia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Indonesia, Nigeria, Afghanistan and more.
As it is only normal, there are a lot of debates for and against the capital punishment.
The first argument in favor of death penalty is that it discourages people from committing felonies and so, the crime rate decreases. Those tempted to do bad deeds would think twice before acting, when knowing there’s a possibility of being executed for their acts. As proof that this theory is applicable in reality is the study from the late 1960’s. It shows that in the years following the capital punishment abolition, the crime rate increased with 7%.
Next, some people state that this is a logic punishment for those who commit crimes against humanity and violate others’ rights to life, freedom and safety. Everyone can act on their own judgment, but in the end, they have to support the consequences. Related to this theory, there are voices saying that death penalty only continues the series of violence. Therefore, it avenges one’s deeds by committing the same crime against humanity – taking the life of a human being.
Some people are even thinking about the costs of keeping a felon imprisoned for life versus executing him/her. On one hand, it costs governments a fair amount of money to support a person throughout an entire life – this one pays for food, health care, security, electricity, and so on. On the other hand, while execution may seem a cheaper solution, it is not that simple. Until the final verdict, long trials and countless appeals take place.
In the end, we have to remember that there have been cases when innocent persons have been wrongfully executed. Unfortunately, these kinds of mistakes can never be redeemed.