Industrialization Dbq Essay Industrial Revolution


inventions transformed the textile industry. Transportation was alsoreformed with inventions of the steam engine by James Watt(1765),the building of the 1st railroad track (1821-1825), and alocomotive called the Rocket built by George Stephenson and his son(1829).Besides the postive effects, the Industrial Revolution also had negativeeffects. Because of urbanization, many cities, whose infrastructuresystem could not keep up with the rapid population growth, wereovercrowded with people looking for jobs. England's cities lackeddecent housing, sanitary codes, education, and police protection. Manyworkers of the working class lived in small, dirty shelters wheresickness was widespread. With the introduction of steam, factoryconditons became worse. Machines injured workers. Many factoryowners wanted to get the cheapest labor possible. To do this, factoryowners hired workers, mostly women and children because the werethe cheapest labor, so they could work long hours for low wages. Asthe working class saw little improvements in living and workingconditions, the middle class, made up of skilled workers, professionals,factory owners, and other well do to people, saw improvements in theirlives. The middle class was now able to afford things that the wealthyonly had acess to, such as servants.In the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution created a major gapbetween the rich and the poor. Many reformers felt that thegovernment needed to play an active role to improve the standard of living for the poor. Many ideas and philosophies were created as areaction to the Industrial Revolution. An economic system, calledsocialism, grew during the 1800s as a reaction to the IndustrialRevolution. It called for more state influence, equal rights, and an endto inhumanity, which stood strongly opposite to individualism andlaissez-fairepolitics. Laissez-fairephilosophy (capitalism), which wasfirst started by Adam Smith, suggested that owners of industry andbusiness set working conditons without the government intervening.Other social movements, including communism, a form of completesocialism where all means of production would be owned by the peopleleaving a small number of manufacturers to control wealth, which wasproposed by Karl Marx, and utilitarianism, which judged ideas,institutions, and actions based on their utility and beleived governmentactions should promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people, was introduced by Jeremy Bentham but led by John Stuart Mill. The Industrial Revolution, like the French Revolution, left a permanentmark on society. Life in the 18th century changed dramatically causingclasses to shift, wealth to increase, and nations to begin assuming

Advantages of Industrial Revolution Essay

1711 Words7 Pages

The Industrial Revolution
Prior to researching, I had a strong belief that the Industrial Revolution was a “dark” time period where children and poor workers would gather in a disease-ridden factory where they would work for several hours a day for little pay. Workers would cough harshly as the intense smoke filled the air. Every day, children would die from exhaustion just to fill the wallets of factory owners. But further research has convinced me that the Industrial Revolution was a benefit to the human race. We gain so many benefits from it and to perceive the Industrial Revolution as a flaw in the history of the Earth would merely be an insult to its name. My goal is to eradicate this common misconception of the Industrial Revolution…show more content…

Chin 3
Advantages of Industrialization
The Industrial Revolution brought radical changes to society including a tremendous shift from an agricultural-based economy to an industrial-based economy. Before the Industrial Revolution occurred, being an agricultural-based society, most people were simple farmers. However, the majority of the farmers were subsistence farmers. (Brochure) The crops in which they grew were predominantly for consumption by the farm family rather than for sale. There would occasionally be a small surplus of the crops in which they sell for necessities. Little or sometimes no profit was made by subsistence farmers. This lack of money made them keep what they had, rarely trading what little they owned. Also, before the Industrial Revolution, farmers were dependent on the health and price of their crops. They lived in constant fear that their crops might fail. Many were unsuccessful, few starving and many suffering from malnutrition.(Brochure) But an industrial-based economy emerged as the Industrial Revolution
Chin 4 took place. The number of workers significantly increased as some farmers left the farms to work in the factories.(Brochure) Here, the workers were more financially secure than farmers. Workers owned steady salaries in factories and were not dependent on volatile crop prices. Furthermore, they bought everything they needed. They even had money left for some forms of entertainment. In addition, the workers

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