Cause and effect essays are another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is, how to structure this type of essay, how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work.
What are cause & effect essays?
A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.
There are two main ways to structure a cause & effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.
The two types of structure, block and chain, are shown in the diagram below.
Cause and Effect Structure Words
Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships. It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first, and the effect happens later.
Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.
Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure. Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary, as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body.
Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?
In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminismhave meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences, both in terms of the family, for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence, and also for society itself with greater gender equality.
The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism. The women's liberation movement originated in the 1960s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing. As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests.
These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole.
Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. The most important consequence of this is an improved quality of life. By helping to maintain a steady income for the family, the pressure on the husband is considerably reduced, hence improving both the husband's and the wife's emotional wellbeing. Additionally, the purchasing power of the family will also be raised. This means that the family can afford more luxuries such as foreign travel and a family car.
A further effect on the family is the promotion of independence in the children. Some might argue that having both parents working might be damaging to the children because of a lack of parental attention. However, such children have to learn to look after themselves at an earlier age, and their parents often rely on them to help with the housework. This therefore teaches them important life skills.
As regards society, the most significant impact of women going to work is greater gender equality. There are an increasing number of women who are becoming politicians, lawyers, and even CEOs and company managers. This in turn has led to greater equality for women in all areas of life, not just employment. For example, women today have much stronger legal rights to protect themselves against domestic violence and sexual discrimination in the workplace.
In conclusion, the increasing number of women at work has brought about some important changes to family life, including improved quality of life and increased independence for children, as well as affecting society itself. It is clear that the sexes are still a long way from being equal in all areas of life, however, and perhaps the challenge for the present century is to ensure that this takes place.
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Below is a checklist for the main body of an essay. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.
"As the recent studies show, the impact of the great amounts of school homework on the mental health of young students is obvious."
A researcher who would like to stress the negative impact of overloaded schedule on the health of an average student has a chance to succeed if he develops the research paper based on the discussed cause and effect essay topics in the society. We will reveal the top recommended cause and effect topics in this article and provide some valuable tips on writing this type of assignment.
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Cause and Effect Topics: What Does This Type of Essay Stand for?
Before covering the top ideas for the cause and effect topics, it is critical to define the meaning of this essay. It is a high school/college/university academic assignment. Things are interrelated in this world, and this type of paper shows how one event may lead to the effects of other events, expected or unexpected. Have you heard of “the butterfly effect?” Watch a movie of the same title to catch the main idea of this phenomenon. That is what a student may discuss. It is one of the possible cause and effect essay topics. The length of cause & effect essay can be something like 500-1000 words (2-3 pages). The size of the final cause/effect draft depends on the amount of causes and effects a writer decides to describe (body paragraphs). A reason/effect essay outline is different from other essays.
Cause and Effects Essay Topics: Paper’s Outline
Despite the chosen cause and effect essay topics, start with a powerful, attention-grabbing introduction.
Professional Approach to Writing Introduction
The opening paragraph must begin with the hooking sentence to make the work stand out from the pool of similar essays and make the reader wonder about the content. What is a hook? It could be anything: from a famous quote to interesting statistics. It depends on how well the student searches the related sources to pick the most inspiring quotation for the opening sentence. In most cases, an interesting, shocking fact works the best. Look at the way popular bloggers/journalists attract an audience with the help of effective hooks. The difference is it is critical to use 100% accurate fact proved by the supporting evidence while working on the academic piece. “Did you know that violence in the family leads to more than 40% of runaways in the United States?” This statistic could introduce one of the good cause and effect topics related to the teen problems. After that, provide a brief background on the problem. Explain what family violence is, and why the increasing amount of runaways matters for the country. The final stage is to write a thesis statement – the paper’s core claim/argument, which explains the significance of the researched problem to the target audience. “The increasing number of runaways in the United States leads to the lower employment rates and a higher level of homelessness (effects), and that is why a local government should study this problem in-depth to take the corresponding preventive measures.” This one will do.
Creating a Sound Thesis!
A thesis may depend on whether the writer focuses on causes or effects alone. In the 1st situation, it may sound, “The increasing number of runaways in the United States is the primary cause of the range of social/legal issues.” In the 2nd case, the thesis may be, “The main effects of various problems with teens are the decrease in the literacy rates among the population of the United States.”
Working on Body Paragraphs
It is critical to make a whole, logical story out of the reason/effect essay body paragraphs. Each of them starts with the particular cause/effect of some events, relevant to the selected cause & effect essay topics. That would be the main sentence. The next thing a writer should do is mention the supporting evidence. To insert specific in-text citations, it is important to conduct primary research to collect the relevant, credible, up-to-date sources. Avoid choosing sources that are older than 5 years. Modern teachers require the freshest sources.
What is more important is to include proper transition words to show the way every opening sentence of the paragraphs is related to the closing sentence of the previous paragraph. Apply transition words, phrases, or entire paragraphs. That is why an essay on any cause and effect topics may be longer than the academic papers of other types and have a different structure. Transition words belong to the group of literary terms. The English language contains something about 100 transitional words/phrases, and we offer a brief list of the most commonly used:
- Because of
- Due to
- In the end
- If… then
Those are the examples of transition words. Each time a student works on another body paragraph, it is a good idea to mention the main section’s idea on the separate paper to write a conclusion faster.
Developing Memorable Conclusion
A conclusion is an abstract of the entire essay, but except for the text’s summary, it includes the final decision on the given subject, implementations, and some forecasts. Do not add any new information to the final paragraph. Avoid offering any new questions to observe because it is the end, and the writer should not leave the reader without answers or minimum hints. If you want, it is possible to finish the essay with a rhetorical question/prediction/shocking fact/humor. Do not forget to mention a thesis in a paraphrased way!
Expert tutors from the top colleges have gathered to write this article to provide each student with the answer to the following question: “What is a good cause and effect topic?” The next few sections are dedicated to the cause and effect essay topics list and methods to choose the best idea.
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What is a Good Cause and Effect Topic?
Some students may argue the main criterion of a good topic selection is whether those are easy cause and effect essay topics. Read the grading rubric. After that, it is possible to highlight the primary factors of choosing an idea to discuss:
- Sound title
- Relatedness to the subject
- Enough research information
- Student’s awareness
- Teacher’s appreciation
Have a look at the list of high school & college ideas. One of them could inspire your work!
Cause and Effect Essay Topics for High School
- Causes/effects of anorexia propaganda among teens
- Balanced scheduling in the educational institutions
- Causes and effects of air pollution
- Grandparents raising a child: causes & effects
- Being “gifted” label at school: Its results
- What may a poor exam preparation result in?
- What are the possible effects of overeating?
Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students
- Major causes of insomnia
- Fast food restaurants impact on human health
- The meaning of fracking for the environment
- The advantages & disadvantages of acquisitions
- Influence of alcohol on nervous system
- Causes of the expanding prostitution/porn industry
- The pros & cons of technological progress
Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- The adverse effects of assigning a lot of homework to school students
- Causes of owning a pet: The risks it possesses
- Causes of the rugby popularity in the US
- Which things make students drop out of college?
- Shorter school days and their pros & cons
- The impact of Pokémon Go on young generation
- Benefits of using spying apps on mobile phone
Historical Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- Feminism’s causes for the marriage
- The causes and results of the World War II
- The causes & results of the Civil War in the United States
- Things a person will face after the betrayal in different religions
- Mexico: Causes of growing up in poverty
- The causes of War in Syria for the United States
- Causes & effects of racism
Simple Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- Causes of the car crashes
- Music and human mental health
- Marrying at young age: causes & effects
- Children and Internet: causes & effects
- Causes and effects of earning low grades in college
- Drugs and human organism
- Causes of spending much money online
Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Middle School
- What are the causes of telling lies to close people?
- Video game addiction: what are the causes?
- The influence of weather on the individual’s mood
- The way divorce impacts kids & its causes
- Growing up with one parent (incomplete family)
- The way stressful situations influence student’s brain & causes of stress
- Causes of global warming
That is a detailed answer to the question, “What are some cause and effect essay ideas?” If you would like to discuss more issues like the effects of the rare insect’s bite, things that provoke tsunami, or smoking during the pregnancy – go on! Come up with original and interesting ideas. If something goes wrong in the middle of the writing process, do not hesitate to contact professional online academic writers & editors to order a custom essay on any problem!